Types Of Counselling And Psychotherapy

Types Of Counselling And Psychotherapy

The commonest question I'm requested by folks making a first enquiry about counselling is 'What type of counselling do you do?'

What is usually meant by this is, 'What kinds of problem do you offer counselling for?' Most counsellors and psychotherapists, myself included, do not specialise in one type of problem, as all problems or difficulties affecting emotions and thinking have similarities, and mostly reply to remedy in related ways.

So the answer to the question 'What kinds of problem do you offer counselling for?' would be something like 'Difficulties with feelings and thinking', fairly than specific single issues like, say, 'low self worth', or 'fear of failure'. Most counselling and psychotherapy deals with the entire person, and would not often separate off one thing they're thinking or feeling or doing.

This is only a normal rule, however. There are some therapies which do specialize in particular types of situation, typically ones which employ a specific answer-primarily based approach. Counselling for addictions is an apparent instance, a specialism which usually entails a progressive, guided programme. Others could be bereavement or eating problems. Particular section of the population, comparable to young individuals or ladies, may also be recognized as teams needing a specialist approach to some extent, however on the entire these use the identical strategies as some other psychological counselling. The primary difference is perhaps that the company has been set up to cope with that specific problem or group, has acquired funding for it, and so focuses it's resources in that area. A person counsellor or psychothearpist might deal in a particlar space because it has especially interested them, or they've finished additional training in it, or presumably had explicit experience of the problem themselves.

What counsellors and psychotherapists imply after they speak of various types of therapy is the distinction in the theoretical orientation of the therapist, not within the types of problem in which they specialise. There are a number or appraoches, broadly divisible into the three areas of Humanistic, Psychodynamic and Cognitve-Behavioural. Even a short description of each type of approach and it is subdivisions is beyond the scope of this article. I'll therefore restrict it to the two principal approaches which I make use of myself, Particular person Centred (a 'humanistic' approach) and Psychodynamic.

Individual Centred Counselling and Psychotherapy

On the centre of the Particular person Centred approach is the concept the Counsellor is a 'guest' on this planet of the consumer's experience, with all that this implies relating to respect and trust.

The shopper is considered to be essentially trustworthy, that he or she is aware of somewhere, by some means, what they want, and that they have a want for growth. The counsellor may also help carry these into awareness and help the client to utilise them.

One other central idea is 'situations of price'. Conditions are imposed early in life by which a person measures their own value, how settle forable or unacceptable they are. A easy instance is likely to be 'Don't ever be angry, or you may be an ugly, shameful individual, and you will not be loved.' The message this carries might be something like 'If I am indignant it means I'm priceless, due to this fact I must never be angry.' The particular person will inevitably really feel offended, possibly incessantly, and conclude from this that they must subsequently be worthless, ugly, shameful. Another is likely to be 'In case you don't do well academically, it means you are stupid and you'll be a failure in life'. This type of condition will tend to stay with the particular person indefinitely, and she or he might have been struggling for years to live up to what might be not possible situations of worth. If this sort of inside conviction is brought to light, and it's roots understood totally, it is perhaps that the particular person can see that it isn't really true, it's been put there by others, and my be able to move away from it.

The Particular person Centred Counsellor attempts to be 'with' the consumer as a type of companion. The Counsellor respecting and accepting the person, whatever they're like, will lead to the particular person him or herself coming to really feel that she or he actually is acceptable, and coming into contact with a more genuine, 'organismic' self which has all the time been there indirectly, but been hidden. They might then turn out to be more genuine, less preoccupied with appearances and facades, or living up to the expectations of others.They may worth their own emotions more, constructive or negative. They may begin to get pleasure from their expertise of the moment. They might value others more, and luxuriate in regarding them, fairly than feeling oppressed, shy, inferior.

The Counsellor achieves this by making a local weather of acceptance within which the client can discover him or herself. Sure therapeutic conditions facilitate this, circumstances laid down by the founder of this approach, Carl Rogers. These include:

The therapist's genuineness, or authenticity. This can't be just acted, it has to be real or it is going to be priceless.

Total acceptance of the shopper, and constructive regard for them, regardless of how they seem to be.

'Empathic understanding', the therapist really understanding what the client is saying, and, further, showing the consumer that their feelings have been understood.

Psychodynamic Counselling and Psychotherapy

Psychodynamic, or Psychoanalytic, therapy makes an attempt to foster an interplay which includes unconscious elements of the client. A complete lifetime's expertise, most powerfully what the person has learned from his or her first relationships in early childhood, will determine the way the shopper relates to others. This will come out in some form in the therapeutic relationship too, and the therapist needs to be aware of what forces and influences may be at work in the client.

This approach doesn't embrace that idea of 'free will'. It doesn't see our thinking, feeling and choice making as the results of acutely aware awareness, but because the outcomes of many forces which are working beneath conscious awareness. The individual is appearing and regarding others largely as the outcome of the instincts they are born with, along with what they've discovered about themselves, largely by way of the nature of their shut relationships in early life.

The actual 'personality' is fashioned in the crucible of this early experience. If, for example, the main carer of the child has not fed her properly, this will probably be laid down in as an anxiety. This may be simply about being fed, about getting sufficient to eat, or it may be extended by the toddler into related things, reminiscent of trust (they've realized to not trust that meals, or the carer, will likely be there when wanted), or insecurity about life usually, or a sense of there all the time being something lacking. A result could be overeating, say, or greed in different methods, for items, or neediness, anxious need for the presence of others, or one other. This is one example. There are myriad sorts of operations of this kind in the psyche, forming from birth, with all types of subtleties and variations. They're virtually all laid down in a stage of the person which is not accessible to the aware mind, and are acted out unconsciously.

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